Answered By: KRS Archive
Last Updated: Feb 06, 2015     Views: 317

A citation or reference is the basic information required to identify or locate a specific publication (book, article, video, etc.). Citations are provided in print and electronic databases and catalogs to find resources. They are also included in research papers, articles, and books to reference the primary publication that has been quoted or a source that has been used as an authority.

Parts of a Citation

Anatomy of a Citation

 Book Parts

  1. Author(s) or Editor(s)
  2. Book Title
  3. Edition
  4. Publication Year
  5. Publisher & Place of Publication

Book Citation (APA format)

1Wellens, H.J.J., & Boudreau Conover, M. 4(2005). 2The ECG in Emergency Decision Making 3(2nd ed.). 5University of Michigan: Saunders.

 Article Parts

  1. Author(s)
  2. Article Title
  3. Page Numbers
  4. Journal Title
  5. Publication Year
  6. Volume Number
  7. Issue Number

Article Citation (APA format) 

1Nussinovitch, U. (52012). 2Meta-analysis of p-wave dispersion values in healthy individuals: the influence of clinical characteristics. 4Annals Of Noninvasive Electrocardiology, 617(71), 328-35.

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